Don't go with the ant flow : ant-inspired traffic routing in urban environments

Dallmeyer, Jörg (Institute of Computer Science, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) ; Schumann, René (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis)) ; Lattner, Andreas (Institute of Computer Science, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany) ; Timm, Ingo (Computer Science Department, Business Informatics University of Trier, Trier, Germany)

Traffic routing is a well-established optimization problem in traffic management. Here, we address dynamic routing problems where the load of roads is taken into account dynamically, aiming at the optimization of required travel times. We investigate ant-based algorithms that can handle dynamic routing problems, but suffer from negative emergent effects like road congestions. These negative effects are inherent in the design of ant-based algorithms. In this article we propose an inverse ant-based routing algorithm to (a) maintain the positive features of ant-based algorithms for dynamic routing problems, while (b) avoiding the occurrence of negative emerging effects, like road congestion. We evaluated the performance of the proposed algorithm by comparing its results with two alternative routing algorithms, namely, A*, which is a static routing algorithm, and an iterative approach. In particular, the iterative approach is used for providing an upper bound, as it uses routing knowledge in a number of calibration runs, to determine the actual load, before the effective routing is done. For the evaluation we used the agent-based traffic simulation system MAINSIM. The evaluation was done with one synthetic and two real-world scenarios, to outline the practical relevance of our findings. Based on these evaluations, we can conclude that the inverse ant-based routing approach is particularly suited for a scenario with a high traffic density, as it can adapt the routing of each vehicle, while avoiding the negative emerging effects of conventional ant-based routing algorithms.


Mots-clés:
Type d'article:
scientifique
Faculté:
Economie et Services
Ecole:
HEG VS HES-SO Valais-Wallis - Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme
Institut:
Institut Informatique de gestion
Classification:
Informatique
Date:
2015
Publié dans
Journal of intelligent transportation systems (J-ITS)
Numérotation (vol. no.):
September 2015, vol. 19, issue 1, pp. 78-88
DOI:
ISSN:
1547-2450
Le document apparaît dans:

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 Notice créée le 2015-11-17, modifiée le 2018-08-31

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