Control capabilities of myoelectric robotic prostheses by hand amputees: : a scientific research and market overview

Atzori, Manfredo (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis)) ; Müller, Henning (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis))

Hand amputation can dramatically affect the capabilities of a person. Cortical reorganization occurs in the brain, but the motor and somatosensorial cortex can interact with the remnant muscles of the missing hand even many years after the amputation, leading to the possibility to restore the capabilities of hand amputees through myoelectric prostheses. Myoelectric hand prostheses with many degrees of freedom are commercially available and recent advances in rehabilitation robotics suggest that their natural control can be performed in real life. The first commercial products exploiting pattern recognition to recognize the movements have recently been released, however the most common control systems are still usually unnatural and must be learned through long training. Dexterous and naturally controlled robotic prostheses can become reality in the everyday life of amputees but the path still requires many steps. This mini-review aims to improve the situation by giving an overview of the advancements in the commercial and scientific domains in order to outline the current and future chances in this field and to foster the integration between market and scientific research.


Mots-clés:
Type d'article:
scientifique
Ecole:
HES-SO Valais-Wallis
Institut:
Institut Informatique de gestion
Classification:
Informatique
Date:
2015
Pagination:
13 p.
Titre du document hôte:
Frontiers in systems neuroscience
DOI:
ISSN:
1662-5137
Le document apparaît dans:



 Notice créée le 2016-09-27, modifiée le 2017-09-09

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