New policy for global pond conservation

Hill, Matthew J. (Institute of Science and the Environment, University of Worcester, Henwick Grove, Worcester, United Kingdom) ; Hassall, Christopher (School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Woodhouse Lane, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom) ; Oertli, Beat (School of Engineering, Architecture and Landscape (hepia), HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Fahrig, Lenore (Geomatics and Landscape Ecology Laboratory, Biology Department, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada) ; Robson, Belinda, J. (Environmental and Conservation Sciences, School of Veterinary & Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia) ; Biggs, Jeremy (Freshwater Habitats Trust, Bury Knowle House, Headington, Oxford, United Kingdom) ; Samways, Michael J. (Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa) ; Usio, Nisikawa (Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa 920–1192, Japan) ; Takamura, Noriko (National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba 305–8506, Japan) ; Krishnaswamy, Jagdish (Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, Bengaluru, Karantaka, India) ; Wood, Paul J. (Centre for Hydrological and Ecosystem Science, Department of Geography, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom)

Despite the existence of well‐established international environmental and nature conservation policies (e.g., the Ramsar Convention and Convention on Biological Diversity) ponds are largely missing from national and international legislation and policy frameworks. Ponds are among the most biodiverse and ecologically important freshwater habitats, and their value lies not only in individual ponds, but more importantly, in networks of ponds (pondscapes). Ponds make an important contribution to society through the ecosystem services they provide, with effective conservation of pondscapes essential to ensuring that these services are maintained. Implementation of current pond conservation through individual site designations does not function at the landscape scale, where ponds contribute most to biodiversity. Conservation and management of pondscapes should complement current national and international nature conservation and water policy/legislation, as pondscapes can provide species protection in landscapes where large‐scale traditional conservation areas cannot be established (e.g., urban or agricultural landscapes). We propose practical steps for the effective incorporation or enhancement of ponds within five policy areas: through open water sustainable urban drainage systems in urban planning, increased incentives in agrienvironment schemes, curriculum inclusion in education, emphasis on ecological scale in mitigation measures following anthropogenic developments, and the inclusion of pondscapes in conservation policy.


Mots-clés:
Type d'article:
scientifique
Faculté:
Ingénierie et Architecture
Ecole:
HEPIA - Haute école du paysage, d'ingénierie et d'architecture de Genève
Institut:
inTNE – institut Terre-Nature-Environnement
Classification:
Ingénierie
Date:
2018
Pagination:
8 p.
Publié dans
Conservation Letters
Numérotation (vol. no.):
2018, 11, 2
DOI:
ISSN:
1755-263X
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 Notice créée le 2018-04-10, modifiée le 2018-10-05

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