Train timetable design under elastic passenger demand

Robenek, Tomáš (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne) ; Azadeh, Shadi Sharif (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne ; Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands) ; Maknoon, Yousef (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne ; Delft University of Technology, Netherlands) ; Lapparent, Matthieu de (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne ; Haute école d’ingénierie et de gestion du canton de Vaud, HES-SO // Haute Ecole Spécialisée de Suisse Occidentale) ; Bierlaire, Michel (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne)

A passenger centric timetable is such a timetable that the satisfaction of the passengers is maximized. However, these timetables only maximize the probability of a passenger to take the train, but provide no insight on the actual choices of the passengers. Therefore, in this manuscript we replace the deterministic passenger satisfaction function with a probabilistic demand forecasting model inside of the passenger centric train timetable design. The actual forecasts lead to a realistic train occupation. Knowing the train occupation, we can estimate the revenue and to use pricing as a mobility management to further improve the level-of-service. We use a logit model that we calibrate to reflect the known demand elasticities. We further include a competing operator as an opt-out option for the passengers. Subsequently, we integrate the passenger centric train timetabling problem with a ticket pricing problem. We solve the elastic passenger centric train timetabling problem for various types of timetables using a simulated annealing heuristic on a case study of Israeli Railways. The results of our case study show that the generated revenues can be increased by up to 15% when taking into account the passengers’ behavior along with a specific pricing scheme. This study further confirms the advantages of hybrid cyclicity.

Type d'article:
Economie et Services
IIDE - Institut Interdisciplinaire du Développement de l'Entreprise
20 p.
Publié dans
Transportation research Part b: methodological
Numérotation (vol. no.):
2018, vol. 111, pp. 19-38
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 Notice créée le 2018-04-16, modifiée le 2018-12-05

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