Texture classification of anatomical structures using a context-free machine learning approach

Jimenez del Toro, Oscar Alfonso (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis) : University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Foncubierta-Rodriguez, Antonio (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland) ; Depeursinge, Adrien (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis) : University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Müller, Henning (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis) : University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland)

Medical images contain a large amount of visual information about structures and anomalies in the human body. To make sense of this information, human interpretation is often essential. On the other hand, computer-based approaches can exploit information contained in the images by numerically measuring and quantifying specic visual features. Annotation of organs and other anatomical regions is an important step before computing numerical features on medical images. In this paper, a texture-based organ classication algorithm is presented, which can be used to reduce the time required for annotating medical images. The texture of organs is analyzed using a combination of state{of{the{art techniques: the Riesz transform and a bag of meaningful visual words. The eect of a meaningfulness transformation in the visual word space yields two important advantages that can be seen in the results. The number of descriptors is enormously reduced down to 10% of the original size, whereas classication accuracy is improved by up to 25% with respect to the baseline approach.


Mots-clés:
Type de conférence:
full paper
Faculté:
Economie et Services
Ecole:
HEG VS HES-SO Valais-Wallis - Haute Ecole de Gestion & Tourisme
Institut:
Institut Informatique de gestion
Classification:
Informatique
Adresse bibliogr.:
Orlando, USA, 21-26 February
Date:
Orlando, USA
21-26 February
2015
Pagination:
14 p.
Publié dans
Proceedings of SPIE medical imaging 2015
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 Notice créée le 2015-07-30, modifiée le 2018-10-05

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