The interactive effects of online reviews on the determinants of Swiss hotel performance : a neural network analysis

Phillips, Paul (Kent Business School, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7PE, UK) ; Zigan, Krystin (Kent Business School, University of Kent, Medway Campus, Kent, ME4 4AG, UK) ; Santos Silva, Maria Manuela (Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-512, Coimbra, Portugal) ; Schegg, Roland (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis))

From a strategy perspective, the growth of social media accelerates the need for tourism organisations to constantly re-appraise their competitive strategies. This study contributes theoretically to the tourism performance literature by validating a new approach to examining the determinants of hotel performance. Drawing from and extending prior hotel determinants studies, this study uses artificial neural network model with ten input variables to investigate the relationships among user generated online reviews, hotel characteristics, and Revpar. The sample includes 235 Swiss hotels for the period 2008-2010, with 59,688 positive reviews from 69 online sources. The empirical findings reveal four hidden nodes that have a significant impact on RevPar. Three of these have negative impacts: room quality, positive regional review, hotel regional reputation, and regional room star rating has a positive impact. Further, the findings imply that there may be boundaries to reputational benefits for Swiss hotels.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Economie et Services
School:
HEG-VS
Institute:
ITO-Institut de Tourisme
Subject(s):
Economie/gestion
Date:
2015
Published in:
Tourism Management
Numeration (vol. no.):
October 2015, no. 50, pp. 130-141
DOI:
ISSN:
0261-5177
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2015-11-17, last modified 2019-02-05

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