knowledge management systems in sports : the role of organisational structure, tacit and explicit knowledge

Martin-Rios, Carlos (Ecole hôtelière de Lausanne, HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Erhardt, Niclas (Maine Business School, University of Maine 5723 D.P. Corbett Business Building, Orono, ME 04469-5723, USA)

This paper aims to identify two di®erent knowledge management (KM) systems and their underlying capabilities by accounting for two contextual factors: organisational structures and type of knowledge. Speci¯cally, it seeks to explore how two di®erent organisational structures (mechanistic and organic) shape the way explicit and tacit knowledge is shared, created, and learned. The paper uses a casebased approach of two sports teams as archetypal contexts to inform management research. Findings suggest that a mechanistic structure (American football) emphasises explicit knowledge for sharing of speci¯c directives, centralised, incremental knowledge creation, and organisational learning through memorisation and repetitious actions. In an organic structure (ice hockey), sharing of tacit knowledge, decentralised novel knowledge creation, and organisational learning through empowered experiential learning episodes are emphasised. Findings illustrate the importance of accounting for organisational structures and knowledge needed for di®erent KM systems geared towards e±ciency and routine work, and °exibility and non-routine work.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Economie et Services
School:
EHL
Subject(s):
Economie/gestion
Date:
2016
Published in:
Journal of information and knowledge management
Numeration (vol. no.):
April 2016, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1-21
DOI:
ISSN:
0219-6492
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2016-08-29, last modified 2019-11-28

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