Chronic ventilation in obese patients

Borel, J. (HP2 Laboratory, INSERM U1042, University Grenoble Alps, Grenoble, France ; EFCR Laboratory, Grenoble Alps University Hospital, Grenoble, France ; AGIR à dom. Association, Meylan, France) ; Janssens, J.-P. (Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Adler, D. (Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Tamisier, R. (HP2 Laboratory, INSERM U1042, University Grenoble Alps, Grenoble, France ; EFCR Laboratory, Grenoble Alps University Hospital, Grenoble, France) ; Pépin, J.-L. (HP2 Laboratory, INSERM U1042, University Grenoble Alps, Grenoble, France ; EFCR Laboratory, Grenoble Alps University Hospital, Grenoble, France) ; Contal, Olivier (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland)

Obesity, defined by a body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, has a major impact on respiratory health. Obesity-related chronic respiratory failure has become the primary cause for long-term home noninvasive mechanical ventilation although this condition remains often underdiagnosed. This chapter will focus on (1) the main pathophysiological mechanisms leading to obesity-related chronic respiratory failure and their implications for treatment decision, (2) the need to improve early diagnosis in these patients, and (3) treatment modalities, mainly use of long-term noninvasive positive airway pressure therapies. This chapter also addresses the importance of screening for comorbidities and the need to offer combined treatment strategies to improve long-term outcomes.


Faculty:
Santé
Branch:
Physiothérapie
School:
HESAV
Institute:
Unité de recherche en santé, HESAV
Subject(s):
Santé
Publisher:
Cham, Springer
Date:
2018-01
Cham
Springer
Pagination:
pp. 265-267
Published in:
Mechanical ventilation in the critically ill obese patient
Author of the book:
Esquinas, A. M. ; Hospital General Universitario Morales Meseguer, Murcia, Spain
Lemyze, M. ; Schaffner Hospital, Lens, France
DOI:
ISBN:
978-3-319-49253-7
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2018-12-01, last modified 2019-05-21

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