Lower between-limb asymmetry during running on treadmill compared to overground in subjects with laterally pronounced knee osteoarthritis

Robadey, Jacques (Movement and Sport Science, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland ; School of Engineering and Architecture (HEIA-FR), HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Staudenmann, Didier (Movement and Sport Science, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland) ; Schween, Raphaël (Department of Sport Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany) ; Gehring, Dominic (Department of Sport Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany) ; Gollhofer, Albert (Department of Sport Sciences, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany) ; Taube, Wolfgang (Movement and Sport Science, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland)

Subjects with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) show gait asymmetries evidenced by lower knee flexion and shorter contact times for the affected leg. Interestingly, running on a treadmill compared to running overground is also associated with lower knee flexion and shorter contact times. Thus, it is of particular interest how gait patterns are influenced by the type of ground in subjects with KOA. The aim of the current study was therefore to measure the overground asymmetry of kinematic parameters in KOA subjects while running and to investigate whether this asymmetry is altered on a treadmill. Nine patients diagnosed with KOA underwent overground and treadmill running with 3D-motion analysis. The symmetry analysis was performed using Symmetry Angles for five selected gait parameters: contact and step time, heel-toe delay, maximal knee flexion during stance and vertical speed variance. For all parameters, the values were significantly lower for the affected compared to the non-affected leg (p≤0.023). Post-hoc analyses revealed significant differences between legs only overground and not on the treadmill. The asymmetry was lower on the treadmill, as indicated by significant Symmetry Angle reductions for contact time (p = 0.033), knee flexion (p = 0.001) and vertical speed variance (p = 0.002). The symmetry increase on the treadmill was mainly due to changes of the non-affected leg towards the affected leg values leading to smaller steps and less impact load in general. The present results suggest therefore that a) an assessment of symmetry may differ depending on the ground type (treadmill versus overground) and b) treadmill running may be more suitable for patients with KOA related gait asymmetries.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Ingénierie et Architecture
School:
HEIA-FR
Institute:
Energy - Institut de recheche appliquée en systèmes énergétiques
Date:
2018-10
Pagination:
12 p.
Published in:
PLOS ONE
Numeration (vol. no.):
2018, vol. 13, no.10, article no. e0205191
DOI:
ISSN:
1932-6203
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2019-08-27, last modified 2019-09-03

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