A targeted interprofessional educational intervention to address therapeutic adherence of venous leg ulcer persons (TIEIVLU) : study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Probst, Sebastian (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Allet, Lara (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Depeyre, Jocelyne (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Colin, Sophie (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Buehrer Skinner, Monika (University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland)

Background : Venous leg ulcers are slow-healing wounds with a high recurrence rate of 70% and a 60% risk of becoming chronic. Signs and symptoms such as pain or exudate are not only a burden on those affected but also on the healthcare system and society in general. The estimated leg ulcer prevalence in the general population is 1%. Treatment costs for leg ulcers are estimated to be 3% of overall health expenditure. Current therapeutic approaches are multifaceted and include compression therapy, leg elevation, specific ankle-exercises and a protein diet. They require an interdisciplinary team of health care professionals. Approximately 70% of patients have a knowledge deficit with regards to therapeutic measures and have difficulties with adherence to treatment protocols. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that the treatment team provides effective patient education and support during the learning phase. However, there is little evidence and no published studies that describe and evaluate effective interdisciplinary educational interventions that target compliance/adherence to the treatment plan in patients with leg ulcers. We therefore propose to develop an evidence-based interprofessional educational intervention and evaluate its feasibility first in a pilot study and subsequently in a randomized controlled trial. Method/Design : First, the development of an evidence-based educational intervention in collaboration with an expert panel is proposed and second, a randomized controlled feasibility study in a wound-care outpatient clinic. Eligible patients (n = 20) with leg ulcers will be randomized to receive either interdisciplinary education and usual care or only usual care, for 12 weeks. Data will be analyzed using SPSS version 25. Univariate and bivariate analysis will be conducted according to the data level and distribution of the data. Discussion : We will first develop an evidenced-based educational intervention and second, we will examine the feasibility of implementing this educational intervention in a realistic care context in patients with leg ulcers. The results will inform the final design of a subsequent randomized controlled trial, which will examine the effectiveness of the educational intervention. An intervention that enhances patient adherence to therapy would be beneficial to individual patients and to society as a whole. Trial registration : ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03454698. Registered on 6 March 2018.


Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2019-04
Pagination:
8 p.
Published in:
Trials
Numeration (vol. no.):
2019, vol. 20, 243
DOI:
ISSN:
1745-6215
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2019-09-03, last modified 2019-09-10

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