Protection of pregnant women at work in Switzerland : implementation and experiences of maternity protection legislation

Zellweger, Alessia (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Institute for Work and Health (IST), Universities of Lausanne and Geneva, Epalinges, Switzerland) ; Krief, Peggy (Institute for Work and Health (IST), Universities of Lausanne and Geneva, Epalinges, Switzerland) ; Politis Mercier, Maria-Pia (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Danuser, Brigitta (Institute for Work and Health (IST), Universities of Lausanne and Geneva, Epalinges, Switzerland) ; Wild, Pascal (Institute for Work and Health (IST), Universities of Lausanne and Geneva, Epalinges, Switzerland ; INRS Scientific Management, Nancy, France) ; Zenoni, Michela (Institute for Work and Health (IST), Universities of Lausanne and Geneva, Epalinges, Switzerland) ; Probst, Isabelle (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland)

Objectives. Like most industrialized countries, Switzerland has introduced legislation to protect the health of pregnant workers and their unborn children from workplace hazards. This study aims to assess legislation’s degree of implementation in the French-speaking part of Switzerland and understand the barriers to and resources supporting its implementation. Methods. Data were collected using mixed methods: (1) an online questionnaire send to 333 gynecologist-obstetricians (GOs) and 637 midwives; (2) exploratory semi-structured interviews with 5 workers who had had a pregnancy in the last 5 years. Results. Questionnaire response rates were 32% for GOs and 54% for midwives. Data showed that several aspects of the implementation of maternity protection policies could be improved. Where patients encounter workplace hazards, GOs and midwives estimated that they only received a risk assessment from the employer in about 5% and 2% of cases, respectively. Preventive leave is underprescribed: 32% of GOs reported that they “often” or “always” prescribed preventive leave in cases involving occupational hazards; 58% of GOs reported that they “often” or “always” prescribed sick leave instead. Interviews with workers identified several barriers to the implementation of protective policies in workplaces: a lack of information about protective measures and pregnancy rights; organizational problems triggered by job and schedule adjustments; and discrepancies between some safety measures and their personal needs. Conclusions. Results demonstrate the need to improve the implementation and appropriateness of maternity protection legislation in Switzerland. More research is required to identify the factors affecting its implementation.


Keywords:
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HESAV
Institute:
Unité de recherche en santé, HESAV
Subject(s):
Santé
Publisher:
Cham, Springer
Date:
2019-01
Cham
Springer
Pagination:
12 p.
Published in:
Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018): Vol. II. Safety and health, slips, trips and falls
Series Statement:
Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing 819
Author of the book:
Bagnara, Sebastiano ; ed. University of the Republic of San Marino, San Marino, San Marino
Tartaglia, Riccardo ; ed. Centre for Clinical Risk Management and Patient Safety, Tuscany Region, Florence, Italy
Albolino, Sara ; ed. Centre for Clinical Risk Management and Patient Safety, Tuscany Region, Florence, Italy
Alexander, Thomas ; ed. Fraunhofer FKIE, Bonn, Germany
Fujita, Yushi ; ed. International Ergonomics Association, Tokyo, Japan
DOI:
ISSN:
2194-5357
ISBN:
978-3-319-96088-3
External resources:
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2019-10-14, last modified 2019-10-22

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