An examination of the impact of macro context on women CEOs in the hospitality industry

Kim, Sowon (Ecole hôtelière de Lausanne, HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Bianchi, Giuliano (Ecole hôtelière de Lausanne, HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Cote Bosch, Maria José (ESE Business School, Universidad de los Andes)

An extensive body of research has studied the antecedents and outcomes of gender differences at the workplace. The differential returns in objective career success (defined by promotions and salary) have been primarily attributed to indi-vidual and organizational factors. Yet, other than the effects of national culture and state interventions to promote gender equity (such as board quotas) on women’s status, we know to a less extent the impact of macro context on the gender gap. In particular, we study the effects of the federal regulation Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) which followed one of the largest accounting fraud scandals worldwide (i.e. Enron in 2001). We also study the 2008 financial meltdown crisis (following the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers) on the position and pay of female CEOs. Using Standard & Poor’s (S&P) Executive Compensation database (Execucomp) from 1992 to 2011, we found that SOX led to an increase in women serving as CEOs. However, neither the federal act nor the financial meltdown had an effect on the total compensation of CEOs. This evidence suggests that the gender pay gap remains constant regardless of particular events happening in the macro context.


Faculty:
Economie et Services
School:
EHL
Institute:
Aucun institut
Subject(s):
Economie/gestion
Publisher:
Cham, Switzerland, Springer
Date:
2020-01
Cham, Switzerland
Springer
Pagination:
Pp. 251-265
Published in:
The new ideal worker : organizations between work-life balance, gender and leadership
Author of the book:
Las Heras Maestro, Mireia ; ed. ; University of Navarra, Spain
Chinchilla Albiol, Nuria ; ed. ; IESE Business School
Grau, Marc ; ed. ; Harvard Kennedy School, USA ; Universitat International de Catalunya
DOI:
ISBN:
978-3-030-12476-2
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2019-11-08, last modified 2021-01-22

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