Cross-sectional study assessing the addition of contrast sensitivity to visual acuity when testing for fitness todrive

Spreng, Lucie (Doctoral School of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Biology, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Favrat, Bernard (Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland ; Unit of Psychology and Traffic Medicine, University Centre of Legal Medicine Lausanne-Geneva, University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Borruat, François-Xavier (Ophthalmology Department, Jules-Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Vaucher, Paul (School of Health Sciences, HES-SO Fribourg)

ObjectivesThe aim of this study is to quantify the importance of loss of contrast sensitivity (CS) and its relationship to loss of visual acuity (VA), driving restrictions and daytime, on-road driving evaluations in drivers aged 70+.DesignA predictive cross-sectional study.settingVolunteer participants to a drivers’ refresher course for adults aged 70+ delivered by the Swiss Automobile Club in western Switzerland from 2011 to 2013.Participants162 drivers, male and female, aged 70 years or older.Clinical predictorsWe used a vision screener to estimate VA and the The Mars Letter Contrast Sensitivity Test to test CS.OutcomesWe asked drivers to report whether they found five driving restrictions useful for their condition; restrict driving to known roads, avoid driving on highways, avoid driving in the dark, avoid driving in dense traffic and avoid driving in fog. All participants also underwent a standardised on-road evaluation carried out by a driving instructor. resultsModerate to severe loss of CS for at least one eye was frequent (21.0% (95% CI 15.0% to 28.1%)) and often isolated from a loss of VA (11/162 cases had a VA ≥0.8 decimal and a CS of ≤1.5 log(CS); 6.8% (95% CI 3.4% to 11.8%)). Drivers were more likely (R2=0.116, P=0.004) to report a belief that self-imposed driving restrictions would be useful if they had reduced CS in at least one eye. Daytime evaluation of driving performance seems limited in its ability to correctly identify difficulties related to CS loss (VA: R2=0.004, P=0.454; CS: R2=0.006, P=0.332).ConclusionCS loss is common for older drivers.Screening CS and referring for cataract surgery even in the absence of VA loss could help maintain mobility. Reduced CS and moderate reduction of VA were both poor predictors of daytime on-road driving performances in this research study.

Type d'article:
Recherche appliquée et développement Santé HEDS-FR
8 p.
Veröffentlicht in:
BMJ Open
Numérotation (vol. no.):
2018, no. 8, e018546
Le document apparaît dans:

 Datensatz erzeugt am 2019-12-02, letzte Änderung am 2020-10-27

Volltext herunterladen

Dieses Dokument bewerten:

Rate this document:
(Bisher nicht rezensiert)