Factors associated with disordered eating behaviors and attitudes in older women

Carrard, Isabelle (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Rothen, Stéphane (Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland)

Purpose : The present study explored the potential factors associated with disordered eating behaviors and attitudes in older women. Methods : Women aged 60–75 years were recruited in the community (n = 203) and completed questionnaires. The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) was used to evaluate disordered eating behaviors and attitudes. The independent variables were BMI, age, importance of appearance, importance of body competence, cognitive reappraisal, and fear of age-related appearance changes. Spearman correlation analyses and zero-inflated negative binomial regression models were used to analyze the data. Results : BMI was positively associated with EDE-Q restraint, EDE-Q eating concern, and EDE-Q frequency of objective binge-eating episodes. Importance of appearance was positively related to EDE-Q restraint, and fear of age-related appearance changes to EDE-Q eating concern and objective binge-eating episodes. Cognitive reappraisal was negatively associated with EDE-Q eating concern and excessive exercise in bivariate associations, but the relationships disappeared in the multivariate analyses. Conclusions : BMI, importance of appearance, and fear of age-related appearance changes turned out to be positively associated with eating disordered behaviors and attitudes, similarly to what can be observed in middle-aged samples. However, the role of cognitive reappraisal was unclear and should be investigated further.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2019-02
Pagination:
9 p.
Published in:
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity
Numeration (vol. no.):
2019, pp. 1-9
DOI:
ISSN:
1590-1262
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2019-12-18, last modified 2020-02-26

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