Effect of thermal treatment, microwave, and pulsed electric field processing on the antimicrobial potential of açaí (Euterpe oleracea), stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni), and ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) extracts

Pina-Pérez, Maria Consuelo (School of Engineering, HES-SO Valais-Wallis, HEI, HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Rivas, Alejandro (Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología (IATA-CSIC), Paterna (Valencia), Spain) ; Martínez, Antonio (Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología (IATA-CSIC), Paterna (Valencia), Spain) ; Rodrigo, Dolores (Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología (IATA-CSIC), Paterna (Valencia), Spain)

The antimicrobial potential of three functional ingredients, açaí (Euterpe oleracea), stevia (Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni), and ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.), was assessed against sporeforming/non-sporeforming foodborne pathogens before and after processing. In vitro inhibitory effect of tested functional ingredients was significantly affected by the extract concentration (1–10% (w/v)) and the technology applied (microwave treatment (MW) (900 W 30 s), conventional thermal treatment (CT) (90 °C, 60 s) and non-thermal pulsed electric fields (PEF) (20 kV/cm, 270 μs)). Ginseng was the most stable ingredient with regard to CT, MW, and PEF application, maintaining or enhancing its antimicrobial capability after processing. The highest inhibition zone diameter of those obtained in the present study (15.11 ± 0.11 mm) is reflecting the promising potential of MW treated ginseng extracts (10% (w/v)) as antimicrobials against E. coli O157:H7. The PEF process significantly (p-value < 0.05) improved the antimicrobial bioactivity of stevia and açaí against Gram (+) and Gram (−) bacteria even applied at the lowest concentration level (1% (w/v)). New validation studies are required to assess the antimicrobial potential and the stability of other functional properties attributed to these ingredients to be integrated in novel formulated matrices processed by conventional and emerging food preservation technologies.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Ingénierie et Architecture
School:
HEI-VS
Institute:
Institut Technologies du vivant
Date:
2018-08
Pagination:
7 p.
Published in:
Food Control
Numeration (vol. no.):
2018, vol. 90, pp. 98-104
DOI:
ISSN:
0956-7135
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2020-01-21, last modified 2020-01-21

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