Knowledge translation and evidence-based practice : a qualitative study on clinical dietitians' perceptions and practices in Switzerland

Soguel, Ludivine (Laval University, Canada ; Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Vaucher, Carla (Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland ; University of Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Bengough, Theresa (Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland ; Austrian Public Health Institute, Vienna, Austria ; Katholic University Leuven, Belgium) ; Burnand, Bernard (Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Desroches, Sophie (Laval University, Canada)

Background : Knowledge translation (KT) in health care is essential to promote quality of care and reduce the knowledge-to-practice gap. Little is known about KT among dietitians, and a better understanding of how this process pans out is fundamental to support their clinical practice. Objective : To explore clinical dietitians’ perceptions and practices concerning preferences and access to information sources in clinical practice, KT activities, research in nutrition and dietetics, and evidence-based practice (EBP). Design, participants, and setting : Eight interviews and two focus groups involving a total of 15 participants were conducted in 2013 among members of the Swiss Association for Registered Dietitians in the French- and German-speaking regions of Switzerland. Analysis performed : Thematic analysis drawn from a constructivist grounded theory approach. Results : Information from colleagues and experts of the field were favored when facing unfamiliar situations in clinical practice. Critically selecting evidence-based information was considered challenging, but dietitians declared they were at ease to integrate patients’ preferences and values, and their clinical expertise and judgment, in decision making, which are fundamental elements of EBP. A major reported barrier to KT was the perception that time to identify and read scientific literature was not expected during working hours and that instead, this time should be spent in clinical activities with patients. On the other hand, dietitians identified that their frequent involvement in educational activities such as knowledge dissemination or tailoring favored the integration of evidence into practice. Finally, dietitians struggled more to identify evidence-based information about counseling and communication than about biomedical knowledge. Conclusions : Dietitians mentioned being involved in each step of the KT process (ie, synthesis, dissemination, exchange, and ethically sound application of knowledge). Barriers and facilitators identified in this study need to be explored in a larger population to develop strategies to facilitate KT and EBP in dietetics practice.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2019-11
Pagination:
8 p.
Published in:
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Numeration (vol. no.):
2019, vol. 119, no. 11, pp. 1882-1889
DOI:
ISSN:
2212-2672
Appears in Collection:

Note: The file is under embargo until: 2023-12-01


 Record created 2020-01-21, last modified 2020-02-06

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