Soil protistology rebooted : 30 fundamental questions to start with

Geisen, Stefan (Department of Terrestrial Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology, Wageningen, The Netherlands ; Laboratory of Nematology, Wagenngen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands) ; Mitchell, Edward A.D. (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland ; Jardin Botanique de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) ; Wilkinson, David M. (Natural Science and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK ; School of Life Science, University of Lincoln, UK) ; Adl, Sina (Department of Soil Sciences, College of Agriculture and Bioresources, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada) ; Bonkowski, Michael (Department of Terrestrial Ecology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany) ; Brown, Matthew W. (Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi, USA) ; Fiore-Donno, Anna Maria (Department of Terrestrial Ecology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany) ; Heger, Thierry J. (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland ; School of Viticulture and Enology, HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Jassey, Vincent E.J. (School of Architecture, Civil and Environmental Engineering (ENAC), EPFL, Ecological Systems Laboratory (ECOS), Lausanne, Switzerland ; Swiss Federal Institute for forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL), Lausanne, Switzerland) ; Krashevska, Valentyna (Georg August University Göttingen, J. F. Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, Göttingen, Germany) ; Lahr, Daniel J.G. (Department of Zoology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Brazil) ; Marcisz, Katarzyna (Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Monitoring & Department of Biogeography and Paleoecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland ; Institute of Plant Sciences and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland) ; Mulot, Matthieu (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland ; Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS UMR 7144, Adaptation et Diversité en Milieu Marin,Equipe EPEP, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Roscoff, France) ; Payne, Richard (Environment, University of York, York, United Kingdom) ; Singer, David (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) ; Anderson, O. Roger (Biology and Paleoenvironment, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY, United States) ; Charman, Dan J. (Department of Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom) ; Ekelund, Flemming (Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark) ; Griffiths, Bryan S. (SRUC, Crop and Soil Systems Research Group, Edinburgh, United Kingdom) ; Ronn, Regin (Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark) ; Smirnov, Alexey (Department of Invertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology, Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia) ; Bass, David (Department of Life Sciences, The Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom ; Cefas, Barrack Road, Weymouth, Dorset, United Kingdom) ; Belbahri, Lassaâd (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) ; Berney, Cédric (EPEP—Evolution des Protistes et des Ecosystèmes Pélagiques—team, Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR 7144, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Roscoff, France ; CNRS, Station Biologique de Roscoff, Roscoff, France) ; Blandenier, Quentin (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) ; Chatzinotas, Antonis (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research – UFZ, Department of Environmental Microbiology, Leipzig, Germany ; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany) ; Clarholm, Marianne (Department of Forest Mycology and Plant Pathology, SLU, Uppsala, Sweden) ; Dunthorn, Micah (Department of Ecology, University of Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, Germany) ; Feest, Alan (Faculty of Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom) ; Fernández, Leornardo D. (Centro de Investigación en Recursos Naturales y Sustentabilidad (CIRENYS), Universidad Bernardo O'Higgins, Fábrica 1990, 2º piso, Santiago, Chile) ; Foissner, Wilhelm (University of Salzburg, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Salzburg, Austria) ; Fournier, Bertrand (Department of Biology, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada) ; Gentekaki, Eleni (School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai, Thailand) ; Hájek, Michal (Department of Botany and Zoology, Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic) ; Helder, Johannes (Laboratory of Nematology, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The Netherlands) ; Jousset, Alexandre (Department of Ecology and Biodiversity, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands) ; Koller, Robert (Forschungszentrum Jülich, IBG-2: Plant Sciences, Jülich, Germany) ; Kumar, Santosh (Department of Biological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea ; School of Bioscience and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Via Gentile III da Varano, Camerino (MC), Italy) ; La Terza, Antonietta (School of Bioscience and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, Via Gentile III da Varano, Camerino (MC), Italy) ; Lamentowicz, Mariusz (Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Monitoring & Department of Biogeography and Paleoecology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland) ; Mazei, Yuri (al Department of Hydrobiology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia ; Department of Zoology and Ecology, Penza State University, Penza, Russia) ; Santos, Susann S. (Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark) ; Seppey, Christophe V.W. (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland) ; Spiegel, Frederick W. (Department of Biological Sciences, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, United States) ; Walochnik, Julia (Molecular Parasitology, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Medical University, Vienna, Austria) ; Winding, Anne (Department of Environmental Science, Aarhus University, Roskilde, Denmark) ; Lara, Enrique (Laboratory of Soil Biodiversity, University of Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel, Switzerland)

Protists are the most diverse eukaryotes. These microbes are keystone organisms of soil ecosystems and regulate essential processes of soil fertility such as nutrient cycling and plant growth. Despite this, protists have received little scientific attention, especially compared to bacteria, fungi and nematodes in soil studies. Recent methodological advances, particularly in molecular biology techniques, have made the study of soil protists more accessible, and have created a resurgence of interest in soil protistology. This ongoing revolution now enables comprehensive investigations of the structure and functioning of soil protist communities, paving the way to a new era in soil biology. Instead of providing an exhaustive review, we provide a synthesis of research gaps that should be prioritized in future studies of soil protistology to guide this rapidly developing research area. Based on a synthesis of expert opinion we propose 30 key questions covering a broad range of topics including evolution, phylogenetics, functional ecology, macroecology, paleoecology, and methodologies. These questions highlight a diversity of topics that will establish soil protistology as a hub discipline connecting different fundamental and applied fields such as ecology, biogeography, evolution, plant-microbe interactions, agronomy, and conservation biology. We are convinced that soil protistology has the potential to be one of the most exciting frontiers in biology.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Ingénierie et Architecture
School:
Changins
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2017-08
Pagination:
10 p.
Published in:
Soil biology and biochemistry
Numeration (vol. no.):
2017, vol. 11, pp. 94-103
DOI:
ISSN:
0038-0717
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2020-04-14, last modified 2020-05-26

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