Balance impairments in patients with a sub-acute ankle sprain receiving no exercise therapy : a comparative study

Punt, Ilona (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva ; Maastricht University) ; Armand, Stéphane (Geneva University Hospital and University of Geneva, Willy Taillard Laboratory of Kinesiology) ; Ziltener, Jean-Luc (Department of Surgery, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva) ; Allet, Lara (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva)

Aim : To compare single-leg balance performance between subacute ankle sprain patients receiving no exercise therapy and healthy persons. Methods : Forty-eight subacute ankle sprain patients (age = 34.3 ±9.7 years) and 10 healthy persons (age = 30.1 ±4.7 years) participated in the study. Participants underwent an assessment of body functions and a 30-second single-leg balance test on a force plate under stable and unstable conditions. Center of pressure (COP) range, length and speed in mediolateral (ML) and anteroposterior (AP) directions were calculated. Results: All healthy persons finished the 30-second balance test under both conditions. Forty-three patients (90%; P=.374) were able to complete the test on the stable surface and 38 patients (79%; P=.125) on the unstable surface. Ankle sprain patients showed increased COP AP speed compared to healthy persons for stable conditions (P=.009) and a larger COP AP range for unstable conditions (P=.001). Furthermore, muscle strength in inversion and eversion were correlated to COP performance (P<.050). Conclusion : Specific ankle strength exercises, including muscle strength exercises in the frontal plane, might improve balance performance in ankle sprain patients.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2017-12
Pagination:
5 p.
Published in:
Physiotherapy research and reports
Numeration (vol. no.):
2017, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-5
DOI:
ISSN:
2516-7081
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2020-05-27, last modified 2020-06-02

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