e-Health interventions for healthy aging : a systematic review

Buyl, Ronald (Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics(BISI) Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium) ; Beogo, Idrissa (École des sciences infirmières et des études de la santé/School of Nursing and Health Studies, Université de Saint-Boniface, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada) ; Fobelets, Maaike (Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics(BISI) Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium) ; Délétroz, Carole (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Van Landuyt, Philip (Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics(BISI) Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium) ; Dequanter, Samantha (Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Biostatistics and Medical Informatics(BISI) Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium) ; Gorus, Ellen (Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Department of Gerontology, Frailty in Ageing (FRIA) Research Group, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium) ; Bourbonnais, Anne (Faculty of Nursing, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada ; Research Center of the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal (CRIUGM), Montreal, Quebec, Canada) ; Giguère, Anik (Faculty of Medicine, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada ; Centre de recherche sur les soins et services de première ligne de l’Université Laval (CERSSPL-UL), Quebec, Canada ; Research Center of the Centre Hospitalier de Québec-Université Laval (CRCHUQ-UL), Quebec, Canada) ; Lechasseur, Kathleen (Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada) ; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre (Centre de recherche sur les soins et services de première ligne de l’Université Laval (CERSSPL-UL), Quebec, Canada ; Research Center of the Centre Hospitalier de Québec-Université Laval (CRCHUQ-UL), Quebec, Canada ; Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada)

Background : Healthy aging (HA) is a contemporary challenge for population health worldwide. Electronic health (e-Health) interventions have the potential to support empowerment and education of adults aged 50 and over. Objectives : To summarize evidence on the effectiveness of e-Health interventions on HA and explore how specific e-Health interventions and their characteristics effectively impact HA. Methods : A systematic review was conducted based on the Cochrane Collaboration methods including any experimental study design published in French, Dutch, Spanish, and English from 2000 to 2018. Results : Fourteen studies comparing various e-Health interventions to multiple components controls were included. The target population, type of interventions, and outcomes measured were very heterogeneous across studies; thus, a meta-analysis was not possible. However, effect estimates indicate that e-Health interventions could improve physical activity. Positive effects were also found for other healthy behaviors (e.g., healthy eating), psychological outcomes (e.g., memory), and clinical parameters (e.g., blood pressure). Given the low certainty of the evidence related to most outcomes, these results should be interpreted cautiously. Conclusions : This systematic review found limited evidence supporting the effectiveness of e-Health interventions, although the majority of studies show positive effects of these interventions for improving physical activity in older adults. Thus, better quality evidence is needed regarding the effects of e-Health on the physiological, psychological, and social dimensions of HA. Systematic review registration : The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42016033163)


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
Branch:
Soins infirmiers
School:
HESAV
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2020-06
Pagination:
15 p.
Published in:
Systematic reviews
Numeration (vol. no.):
2020, vol. 9, Article 128
DOI:
ISSN:
2046-4053
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2020-07-17, last modified 2020-10-27

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