Impact of major and minor mode on EEG frequency range activities of music processing as a function of expertise

Jenni, Raoul (Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva) ; Oechslin, Mathias S. (Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva ; International Normal Aging and Plasticity Imaging Center (INAPIC), University of Zurich) ; James, Clara Eline (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva)

Processing western tonal music may yield distinct brain responses depending on the mode of the musical compositions. Although subjective feelings in response to major and minor mode are well described, the underlying brain mechanisms and their development with increasing expertise have not been thoroughly examined. Using high-density electroencephalography, the present study investigated neuronal activities in the frequency domain in response to polyphone musical compositions in major and minor mode in non-musicians, amateurs and experts. During active listening decrease of theta- and gamma-frequency range activities occurred with increasing expertise in right posterior regions, possibly reflecting enhanced processing efficiency. Moreover, minor and major compositions distinctively modulated synchronization of neuronal activities in high frequency ranges (beta and gamma) in frontal regions, with increased activity in response to minor compositions in musicians and in experts in particular. These results suggest that high-frequency electroencephalographic (EEG) activities carry information about musical mode, showing gradual increase of processing efficiency and sensitivity with musical expertise.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2017-04
Pagination:
6 p.
Published in:
Neuroscience Letters
Numeration (vol. no.):
2017, vol. 647, pp. 159-164
DOI:
ISSN:
0304-3940
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2020-07-20, last modified 2021-01-20

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