Biological traits of european pond macroinvertebrates

Céréghino, Régis (EcoLab, Laboratoire Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France) ; Compin, Arthur (EcoLab, Laboratoire Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Environnement, Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France) ; Oertli, Beat (School of Engineering, Architecture and Landscape (hepia), HES-SO // University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) ; Bazzanti, Marcello (Department of Environmental Biology, Rome, Italy) ; Coccia, Cristina (Department of Environmental Biology, Rome, Italy ; CISC, Donana, Spain) ; Biggs, Jeremy (Pond Conservation: The Water Habitats Trust, Oxford, UK) ; Bressi, Nicolas (Trieste Natural History Museum, Trieste, Italy) ; Grillas, Patrick (Station Biologique de la Tour du Valat, Le Sambuc, Arles, France) ; Hull, Andrew (Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK) ; Kalettka, Thomas (Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Müncheberg, Germany) ; Scher, Olivier (Pôle-relais Mares, Zones Humides intérieures, Vallées Alluviales, Paris, France)

Whilst biological traits of river macroinvertebrates show unimodal responses to geographic changes in habitat conditions in Europe, we still do not know whether spatial turnover of species result in distinct combinations of biological traits for pond macroinvertebrates. Here, we used data on the occurrence of 204 macroinvertebrate taxa in 120 ponds from four biogeographic regions of Europe, to compare their biological traits. The Mediterranean, Atlantic, Alpine, and Continental regions have specific climate, vegetation and geology. Only two taxa were exclusively found in the Alpine and Continental regions, while 28 and 34 taxa were exclusively recorded in the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions, respectively. Invertebrates in the Mediterranean region allocated much energy to reproduction and resistance forms. Most Mediterranean invertebrate species had narrow thermal ranges. In Continental areas, invertebrates allocated lesser energy to reproduction and dispersal, and organisms were short lived with high diversity of feeding groups. These characteristics suggest higher resilience. The main difference between ponds in the Alpine and Atlantic regions was their elevation. Alpine conditions necessitate specific adaptations related to rapid temperature fluctuations, and low nutrient concentrations. Even if our samples did not cover the full range of pond conditions across Europe, our analyses suggest that changes in community composition have important impacts on pond ecosystem functions. Consistent information on a larger set of ponds across Europe would be much needed, but their low accessibility (unpublished data and/or not disclosed by authors) remains problematic. There is still, therefore, a pressing need for the incorporation of high quality data sets into a standardized database so that they can be further analyzed in an integrated European-wide manner.

Article Type:
Ingénierie et Architecture
HEPIA - Genève
inTNE - Institut Terre-Nature-Environnement
11 p.
Published in:
Numeration (vol. no.):
2011, vol. 689, pp. 51-61
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Note: The status of this file is: restricted

 Record created 2020-08-14, last modified 2020-10-27

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