Explainable multi-agent systems through blockchain technology

Calvaresi, Davide (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis)) ; Mualla, Yazan (Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UTBM, Belfort, France) ; Najjar, Amro (UMEA University, Umeå, Sweden) ; Galland, Stéphane (Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, UTBM, Belfort, France) ; Schumacher, Michael (University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland (HES-SO Valais-Wallis))

Advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) are contributing to a broad set of domains. In particular, Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) are increasingly approaching critical areas such as medicine, autonomous vehicles, criminal justice, and financial markets. Such a trend is producing a growing AI-Human society entanglement. Thus, several concerns are raised around user acceptance of AI agents. Trust issues, mainly due to their lack of explainability, are the most relevant. In recent decades, the priority has been pursuing the optimal performance at the expenses of the interpretability. It led to remarkable achievements in fields such as computer vision, natural language processing, and decision-making systems. However, the crucial questions driven by the social reluctance to accept AI-based decisions may lead to entirely new dynamics and technologies fostering explainability, authenticity, and user-centricity. This paper proposes a joint approach employing both blockchain technology (BCT) and explainability in the decision-making process of MAS. By doing so, current opaque decision-making processes can be made more transparent and secure and thereby trustworthy from the human user standpoint. Moreover, several case studies involving Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are discussed. Finally, the paper discusses roles, balance, and trade-offs between explainability and BCT in trust-dependent systems.


Keywords:
Conference Type:
published full paper
Faculty:
Economie et Services
School:
HEG-VS
Institute:
Institut Informatique de gestion
Subject(s):
Informatique
Publisher:
Montréal, Canada, 13-14 May 2019
Date:
2019-05
Montréal, Canada
13-14 May 2019
Pagination:
Pp. 41-58
Published in:
Proceedings of the EXTRAAMAS 2019 International Workshop on Explainable, Transparent Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems
Series Statement:
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 11763
DOI:
ISSN:
0302-9743
ISBN:
978-3-030-30390-7
External resources:
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2020-12-02, last modified 2021-03-29

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