Performance of self-reported measures of alcohol use and of harmful drinking patterns against ethyl glucuronide hair testing among young Swiss men

Iglesias, Katia (School of Health Sciences, HES-SO Fribourg) ; Lannoy, Séverine (Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America ; Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology, Psychological Sciences Research Institute, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Brabant Wallon, Belgium) ; Sporkert, Frank (Center of Legal Medicine, Forensic Toxicology and Chemistry Unit, Lausanne and Geneva Universities, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland) ; Daeppen, Jean-Bernard (Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland) ; Gmel, Gerhard (Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland ; Addiction Switzerland, Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland ; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada ; University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom) ; Baggio, Stéphanie (Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Thônex, Geneva, Switzerland ; Office of Corrections, Department of Justice and Home Affairs of the Canton of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland)

Background There is a need for empirical studies assessing the psychometric properties of self-reported alcohol use as measures of excessive chronic drinking (ECD) compared to those of objective measures, such as ethyl glucuronide (EtG). Objectives To test the quality of self-reported measures of alcohol use and of risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) to detect ECD assessed by EtG. Methods A total of 227 samples of hair from young Swiss men were used for the determination of EtG. Self-reported measures of alcohol use (previous twelve-month and previous-week alcohol use) and RSOD were assessed. Using EtG (<30 pg/mg) as the gold standard of ECD assessment, the sensitivity and specificity were computed, and the AUROC were compared for alcohol use measures and RSOD. Logistic regressions were used to test the contribution of RSOD to the understanding of ECD after controlling for alcohol use. Results A total of 23.3% of participants presented with ECD. Previous twelve-month alcohol use with a cut-off of>15 drinks per week (sensitivity = 75.5%, specificity = 78.7%) and weekly RSOD (sensitivity = 75.5%, specificity = 70.1%) yielded acceptable psychometric properties. No cut-off for previous-week alcohol use gave acceptable results. In the multivariate logistic regression, after controlling for the previous twelve months of alcohol use, RSOD was still significantly associated with EtG (p = .016). Conclusion Self-reported measures of the previous twelve months of alcohol use and RSOD were acceptable measures of ECD for population-based screening. Self-reported RSOD appeared to be an interesting screening measure, in addition to the previous twelve months of alcohol use, to understand ECD among young people.


Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS-FR
Institute:
Recherche appliquée et développement Santé HEDS-FR
Date:
2020-12
Pagination:
12 p.
Published in:
PLoS ONE
Numeration (vol. no.):
2020, vol. 15, no. 12, e0244336
DOI:
ISSN:
1932-6203
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2021-02-15, last modified 2021-02-15

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