Reliability and validity of an adapted hip abductor strength measure as a potential new fall risk assessment for older persons : a study protocol

Gafner, Simone (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands) ; Bastiaenen, Caroline Henrice Germaine (Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands) ; Biver, Emmanuel (University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Ferrari, Serge (University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Allet, Lara (School of Health Sciences, HES-SO Valais-Wallis, Leukerbad, Switzerland ; University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland)

Background : Persons aged ≥ 65 years are currently the world’s fastest growing age group. An important complication of age is the increasing risk of falls. Falls have multifactorial etiology and modifiable risk factors open for interventions in prevention and rehabilitation, are of high interest. In this context, strong hip abductors seem to be important to prevent falls. A newly adapted measurement device to measure hip abductor strength (HAS) in a closed chain position was developed. We aim to assess feasibility, intra- and inter-tester reliability and construct and criterion validity of the new measure. Methods : In two subsequent parts a feasibility, reliability and validity study with an adapted measurement instrument for the assessment of HAS (index test) in a closed chain position in persons aged ≥ 65 years will be conducted. Part I investigates feasibility of the measure in clinical settings as well as reliability of the new HAS test (n = 26). Part II evaluates construct and criterion validity (n = 169). Construct validity will be assessed cross-sectional, criterion validity by comparison with prospectively followed up fall history for 12 months (external criterion) and other functional fall risk assessments (Short Physical Performance Battery, Timed Up and Go test, usual gait speed and hand grip strength). Discussion : Results of feasibility, will give insight in its applicability in daily clinical life and clinimetric properties will show if measurements of HAS in a closed chain position should be encouraged to include in fall risk assessments in older adults.

Article Type:
HEdS - Genève
Institut Santé
12 p.
Published in:
BMC Geriatrics
Numeration (vol. no.):
2021, vol. 21, article 110, pp. 1-12
Appears in Collection:

 Record created 2021-02-22, last modified 2021-02-24

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