Adaptation of environmental data to national and sectorial context : application for reinforcing steel sold on the French market

Gomes, Fernanda (Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, Marne La Vallée, France) ; Brière, Raphaël (Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, Marne La Vallée, France ; IFSTTAR, Materials Department, Université Paris-Est, Paris, France) ; Feraille, Adélaïde (Ecole des Ponts ParisTech, Université Paris-Est, Marne La Vallée, France) ; Habert, Guillaume (IFSTTAR, Materials Department, Université Paris-Est, Paris, France ; ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland) ; Lasvaux, Sébastien (Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (CSTB), Université Paris-Est, St. Martin d'Hères, France) ; Tessier, Christian (LUNAM University, Bouguenais, France)

Environmental data for steel products are generally proposed at a continental or a global scale. The question we are tackling here is: does the fact that steel as a global market necessarily reduces the need for national data? In this study, the environmental impact of reinforcing steel sold in France is evaluated. To do so, a specific environmental inventory is adapted from Ecoinvent database. CML method is used for impact calculation and both methods “recycled content” as well as “end of life recycling approach” are tested. This study shows that there is a specificity of reinforcing steel products sold in France compared to European value. It is due to the fact that reinforcing steel is mainly made with recycled steel as the market growth for construction product in France is limited allowing a very high recycled content. This result is not sensitive neither to the allocation method used for recycling (cut-off approach or system expansion) nor to transport distance and electricity country mix used. The result of this study can be used with confidence in every construction site work located on the French territory. Furthermore, the present study advocates for an adaptation of global database to local context defined by a specific industrial sector and a geographic region even for product such as steel that may be considered as a first approximation as a global product.

Note: LASVAUX, Sébastien est un chercheur à la HES-SO, HEIG-VD, depuis 2015.

Article Type:
Ingénierie et Architecture
IGT - Institut de Génie Thermique
Published in:
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment
Numeration (vol. no.):
2013, vol. 18, pp. 926-938
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted

 Record created 2021-02-26, last modified 2021-03-19

Download fulltext

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
(Not yet reviewed)