A review of urban metabolism studies to identify key methodological choices for future harmonization and implementation

Beloin-Saint-Pierre, Didier (CSTB, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France) ; Rugani, Benedetto (LIST, Esch sur Alzette, Luxembourg) ; Lasvaux, Sébastien (CSTB, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France) ; Mailhac, Adélaïde (CSTB, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France) ; Popovici, Emil (LIST, Esch sur Alzette, Luxembourg) ; Schiopu, Nicoleta (CSTB, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France)

The concept of urban metabolism has often been used to model and analyze urban regions to provide insights on their environmental sustainability. However, no consensus exists on the assessment methods that should be used to analyze the sustainability of these complex systems. This lack of consistency prevents data sharing and comparison between most studies. Past and current publications are therefore surveyed to identify key methodological aspects that could be favored to harmonize the sustainability assessment of urban metabolism. This investigation is structured around the common aspects of environmental assessment methods that have been used for the past forty years. It suggests that a network system modeling approach, a global life-cycle perspective, and a multi-criteria assessment are strategic choices for environmental sustainability assessment. While challenging in their implementations, these choices can offer common grounds to capitalize on the knowledge brought forth by new studies. The investigation also discusses basic principles to propose developments like the use of a functional equivalent as a basis of comparison and the use of specific uncertainty assessment methods. These propositions could help to improve the clarity of future studies that tackle the question of environmental sustainability in urban metabolism.


Note: LASVAUX, Sébastien est un chercheur à la HES-SO, HEIG-VD, depuis 2015.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Ingénierie et Architecture
School:
HEIG-VD
Institute:
IGT - Institut de Génie Thermique
Date:
2017-10
Pagination:
18 p.
Published in:
Journal of Cleaner Production
Numeration (vol. no.):
2017, vol. 163, supplement, pp. s223-s240
DOI:
ISSN:
0959-6526
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2021-03-05, last modified 2021-03-19

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