One-year adherence to continuous positive airway pressure with telemonitoring in sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome : a randomized controlled trial

Contal, Olivier (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Poncin, William (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland ; Institut de recherche expérimentale et clinique (IREC), pôle de Pneumologie, oto-rhino-laryngologie (ORL) et Dermatologie, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium) ; Vaudan, Stéphanie (Geneva Pulmonary League, Geneva, Switzerland ; Hôpital du Valais, Service de Physiothérapie, Martigny, Switzerland) ; De Lys, Angélique (Geneva Pulmonary League, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Takahashi, Hiromitsu (Geneva Pulmonary League, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Bochet, Séverine (Geneva Pulmonary League, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Kehrer, Philippe (Centre de Médecine du Sommeil et de L'éveil, Geneva, Switzerland) ; Charbonnier, Florian (Service de Pneumologie, Département des Spécialités de Médecine, Hôpitaux Universitaires Genevois (HUG), Geneva, Switzerland)

Study Objective: Telemedicine (TM) for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treated patients may save health-care resources without compromising treatment effectiveness. We assessed the effect of TM (AirView Online System, ResMed) during the CPAP habituation phase on 3-month and 1-year treatment adherence and efficacy in patients with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Methods: At CPAP initiation, 120 patients diagnosed with OSA were randomized to either usual care (UC) or TM during the habituation phase (clinical registration: ISRCTN12865936). Both groups received a first face-to-face appointment with a sleep care giver at CPAP initiation. Within the following month, 2 other physical visits were scheduled in the UC group whereas two phone consultations were planned in the TM group, in which CPAP parameters were remotely adapted. Additional physical visits were programmed at the patient's request. Face-to-face consultations were scheduled at 3 and 12 months after CPAP initiation. The primary outcome was the mean CPAP daily use over the course of 12 months. Results: Twenty of 60 patients stopped CPAP therapy in the UC group vs. 14 of 60 in the TM group (p = 0.24). In per protocol analysis, mean [95% CI] daily CPAP use among 86 patients still using CPAP at 12 months was 279 [237; 321] min in the 38 patients on UC and 279 [247; 311] min in the 43 patients on TM, mean difference [95% CI]: 0 [−52; 52] min, P = 0.99. Total consultation time per patient was not different between groups, TM: 163 [147; 178] min, UC: 178 [159; 197] min, difference: −15 [−39; 9] min, p = 0.22. Conclusions: Telemedicine during the CPAP habituation phase did not alter daily CPAP use or treatment adherence and did not require more healthcare time. Telemedicine may support clinic attendance for CPAP titration. Clinical Trial Registration: [ISRCTN], identifier [ISRCTN12865936].

Article Type:
Unité de recherche en santé, HESAV
7 p.
Published in:
Frontiers in medicine
Numeration (vol. no.):
April 2021, vol. 8, Article 626361
Appears in Collection:

 Record created 2021-05-10, last modified 2021-05-25

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