Relationship between urinary incontinence and back or pelvic girdle pain : a systematic review with meta-analysis

Bertuit, Jeanne (HESAV School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Bakker, Els (Haute Ecole Libre de Vinci–Parnasse–ISEI, Brussels, Belgium) ; Rejano-Campo, Montserrat (University Hospital of Caen Normandie, Caen, France)

Introduction and hypothesis: Many observational studies have suggested the existence of a link between urinary incontinence (UI) and lumbopelvic pain. The aim of our study is to evaluate the association between UI and back pain (BP) or pelvic girdle pain (PGP) in the adult population. Methods : This systematic review with meta-analysis was registered in PROSPERO under the number 2019:CRD42019120047. Literature was sought in the Medline, Embase, and PEDro databases. The search was limited to English, Spanish, and French records, and was conducted from inception until November 2019. Observational studies evaluating the association between UI and BP/PGP were selected by two independent reviewers. Quality assessment was performed using the “Critical Review Form for quantitative studies” (McMaster University). Results: From the 2,055 retrieved articles, 18 were selected. Both qualitative (n = 18) and quantitative analysis (n = 7) were performed. Fifteen out of 18 studies (83%) found a positive association between UI and BP or PGP for at least one type of incontinence. Pooled estimates were OR 1.61, 1.53, and 1.51 for stress, urgency, and mixed urinary incontinence respectively. A similar degree of association between women and men was found. Subjects with stress and mixed incontinence showed greater likelihoods of mild pain compared with severe pain, although severe pain was more frequently associated with urgency incontinence than mild pain. Conclusions: Our results support the association between UI and BP/PGP, which seems to be independent of gender-based differences. The strength of this association depends on pain or incontinence subtypes. Clinicians should be aware of the relationship in their clinical practice.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HESAV
Institute:
Unité de recherche en santé, HESAV
Date:
2021-05
Pagination:
14 p.
Published in:
International urogynecology journal
Numeration (vol. no.):
May 2021, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 1073-1086
DOI:
ISSN:
0937-3462
Appears in Collection:

Note: The status of this file is: restricted


 Record created 2021-05-25, last modified 2021-05-25

Fulltext:
Download fulltext
PDF

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)