Diet quality in middle-aged and older women with and without body weight dissatisfaction : results from a population-based national nutrition survey in Switzerland

Chatelan, Angeline (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland) ; Carrard, Isabelle (Geneva School of Health Sciences, HES-SO University of Applied Sciences and Arts Western Switzerland)

Body weight dissatisfaction is associated with unhealthy dietary behaviours in young adults, but data are scarce regarding how this relationship evolves with age. The objectives of the present study were to assess the prevalence of body weight dissatisfaction and the association between body weight dissatisfaction, nutrient intake and diet quality in middle-aged and older women. We used data of a population-based sample of 468 middle-aged (50–64 y/o) and older (65–75 y/o) women, extracted from the cross-sectional 2014–15 Swiss National Nutrition Survey. Body weight dissatisfaction was assessed by questionnaire. Dietitians assessed dietary intakes using two non-consecutive computer-assisted multi-pass 24-h dietary recalls and performed anthropometric measurements. Nutrient intakes were calculated and compared with national dietary guidelines, and diet quality scored with the 2010 Alternate Healthy Eating Index (2010-AHEI). 41⋅1 % of women reported body weight dissatisfaction, and 49⋅8 % wanted to lose weight. Body weight dissatisfaction was associated with weight loss desire and a higher body mass index (BMI; P < 0⋅001). Women with body weight dissatisfaction consumed significantly less carbohydrates and dietary fibres, even when BMI was controlled for (P < 0⋅05). They also fell short of national dietary guidelines for magnesium and iron. Body weight dissatisfied women obtained lower 2010-AHEI scores than satisfied women (β −4⋅36, 95 % CI −6⋅78, −1⋅93). However, this association disappeared when the BMI was introduced in the equation. This highlights the importance of targeting both body dissatisfaction and unhealthy eating in obesity prevention and treatment at all ages.


Keywords:
Article Type:
scientifique
Faculty:
Santé
School:
HEdS - Genève
Institute:
Aucun institut
Date:
2021-05
Pagination:
9 p.
Published in:
Journal of Nutritional Science
Numeration (vol. no.):
2021, vol. 10, article e38
DOI:
ISSN:
2048-6790
Appears in Collection:



 Record created 2021-06-07, last modified 2021-06-09

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